Mangroves are notable carbon accumulators, recently named Blue Carbon (BC) primarily to portray the significant contribution of these ecosystems to global carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation.
Multi-dimensional poverty and inequality continue to persist in Africa’s societies.
The majority of African livelihoods rely on income from agricultural activities, which makes them vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. At the same time, the population on the continent is fast growing, which translates into rapid expansion of urban areas and associated infrastructural needs.
It is clear nowadays that there are marked differences in the way climate and environmental changes and how their effects on health and their implications have been managed, both in terms of countries’ success in preserving the health of their citizens, and in the magnitude of inequalities. Unfortunately, no matter how bad climate and environmental changes were before the pandemic, and no matter how hard it exposed the inequalities in our society, the post-pandemic world may experience even greater climatic and environmental changes and inequalities.
Climate scientists are expanding their research focus from large climate simulations of global weather patterns to integrating more detailed, regional weather models. Data science techniques allow a bottom up approach which analyses multiple climate models simultaneously.
The need for better governance of human activities in the ocean space has been widely recognized for years and current frameworks do not consider the effects of climate change. The upcoming UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021–2030) is a prime opportunity for a new framework to be adopted.